Category Archives: English

The Belarusian Popular Front in 1988—1996: photo and video

The Belarusian Popular Front (Беларускі Народны Фронт) was a nationwide Belarusian democratic movement in the late 1980s and 1990s in favour of the Belarusian national revival and the restoration of the independence of Belarus as a democratic European nation.

The Belarusian Popular Front organized mass demonstrations supporting democratic reforms, commemorating the victims of the Soviet repressions of the 1930s, criticizing the inhuman Soviet policies regarding Chernobyl, and protesting against the Soviet discrimination of the Belarusian language and culture. In other Soviet-occupied countries, the Popular Front cooperated with local democratic movements: Sąjūdis (Republic of Lithuania), the People’s Movement of Ukraine, the Popular Fronts of Latvia and Estonia.

The Belarusian Popular Front has been the key driving force behind the political changes in Belarus in 1990 and 1991.

Continue reading The Belarusian Popular Front in 1988—1996: photo and video

BNR RADA CONDEMNS VIOLENCE AGAINST DEMONSTRATORS, CALLS FOR POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC PRESSURE ON PRO-RUSSIAN REGIME IN BELARUS

Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic actively condemns the violence by the police of the Lukashenka regime against citizens during peaceful demonstrations on March 25, 2017.

Continue reading BNR RADA CONDEMNS VIOLENCE AGAINST DEMONSTRATORS, CALLS FOR POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC PRESSURE ON PRO-RUSSIAN REGIME IN BELARUS

Mayor of New York declares March 25, 1957 Day of Belarusian Independence

In 1957, the Mayor of New York, Robert F. Wagner, declared March 25 the official Belarusian Independence Day and invited the people of his city to ” join with those of Byelorussian origin in prayers for peace, freedom and justice in the world”.

This has been the result of the work of the Belarusian diaspora in the United States in popularizing Belarus in the West, spreading information about the country’s history and current situation.

Below the text of the official proclamation.

OFFICE OF THE MAYOR OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK

PROCLAMATION

WHEREAS: March 25, 1957 will be the thirtyninth anniversary of the Proclamation of the free and independent Byelorussian Democratic Republic; and

WHEREAS: Americans of Byelorussian descent are observing this date by reasserting their belief in freedom for all people and reaffirming their conviction that tyranny and despotism cannot long prevail where man so believs; and

WHEREAS: it is universally recognized that the resistance of the brave and patriotic Byelorussian people to communistic totalitarianism has never waned even to this day,

NOW, THEREFORE, I, ROBERT F. WAGNER, Mayor of the City of New York, do hereby proclaim Monday, March 25, 1957, as BYELORUSSIAN INDEPENDENCE DAY in the City of New York, and call upon all citizens to join with those of Byelorussian origin in prayers for peace, freedom and justice in the world.

(Robert F. Wagner)
Mayor, The City of New York

State of New York Executive Chamber

Belarusian Independence Day in Colorado: March 25, 1984

In 1984, the Governor Richard Lamm of Colorado made an official statement declaring 25 March the Belarusian Independence Day.

This and many similar statements by US officials were the result of many years long work by the Belarusian American community to popularize Belarusin the United States, to spread information about the Belarusian culture and history in the West.

 

Proclamation

Byelorussian Independence Day

March 25, 1984

Whereas, March 25th marks the anniversary of the proclamation of independence of the Byelorussian Democratic Republic; and

Whereas, the Byelorussian Democratic Republic was established following the collapse of the Tsarist Russian Empire but was subsequently annexed by the government of the Soviet Union; and

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40th anniversary of the Belarusian Democratic Republic: official greeting on behalf of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1958

On the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the Belarusian Democratic Republic, President Dwight D. Eisenhower has sent his greetings to the Belarusian American community through Konstanty Mierlak, President of the Belarusian-American Association and Member of the Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic.

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Government in Exile: Explorations of the Belarus Enigma

Presentation by Ivonka J. Survilla, President of the Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in Exile, at the Conference of the Canadian Association of Slavists (Ottawa, 24 May 2009)

If the sovereigns of my land had been as wise as the emperors of China, they probably would have built a wall along their border with the Duchy of Moscow at the very beginning of her aggressions against their territory. Instead, exhausted by the defensive wars against their Eastern neighbours, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (the medieval predecessor of today’s Belarus), formed a defensive alliance with Poland. This happened in Lublin in 1569. 440 years later, I am speaking to you of the Government of the Belarusian Democratic Republic, which has been in Exile for the past 90 years. Once more – because of the expansionist policies of our Eastern “big brother”.

This presentation explores conditions that have affected Belarus’ existence since the early 20th century. Bolshevik aggression forced a legitimate Government into exile and required its existence beyond the borders of Belarus. In order to understand the present plight of this European nation, there is a need to consider the recent experiential history of Belarus and Belarusians.

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The Case of Belarus: Presentation at the European Conscience and Communism conference, Prague, June 2008

Presentation by Ivonka Survilla, President of the Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in Exile, at the international conference European Conscience and Communism in the Senate of the Parliament of Czech Republic, Prague, 2-3 June 2008

I have the honour to be the sixth president in exile of the Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic. The BNR Rada is the longest-living government in exile. It left Belarus close to 90 years ago because of the aggression and the subsequent occupation of our independent state by our communist neighbour.

Communism can be examined according to its large scale, long-term impact on the lives of individual human beings and also according to the impact on the appropriated nations, nations that do not define the political and cultural epicentre of communist power, but rather find themselves in forced subjugation. This is the reality and legacy of the communist experience, felt by many nations in modern times, evidenced by Tibet’s real-time struggle and by countries like Belarus who continue to experience the fallout of the Soviet experience.

Continue reading The Case of Belarus: Presentation at the European Conscience and Communism conference, Prague, June 2008